What is fallopian tube and what are the conditions that affect them?

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These muscular ‘J-shaped’ tubes that run through the female reproductive tract are known as uterine tubes (also known as fallopian tubes, oviducts, or salpinx).

Located near the ovaries, they are at the upper border of the broad ligament that runs laterally from the uterus and enters the abdominal cavity at the top of the ligament.

The major purpose of the fallopian tubes is to transport eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Using fallopian tube obstruction to accomplish sterilise or permanent contraception is possible.The fallopian tubes are also known as the oviducts or uterine tubes. They play an important role in a woman’s reproductive system.

Fertilization takes place in the fallopian tubes most of the time. Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a pregnancy implants outside of the uterus, in the fallopian tubes or elsewhere. Ectopic pregnancy is extremely risky, with the possibility of rupture and death.

This article will provide information about the function, aspects, circulation, and innervation of the fallopian tubes, as well as any clinical repercussions that may result from their dysfunction.

Fallopian tubes characteristics:

  • It is the uterine tubes’ primary function to facilitate the transfer of the ovum from the ovary into the uterus.
  • The uterine tubes’ ultra-structure aids the migration of the female gamete:
  • The inner mucosa: Peg cells and ciliated columnar epithelial cells line the inside of the tube (non-ciliated secretory cells). They transport and nourish the ovum as it travels to the uterus.
  • The smooth muscle layer contracts to help transfer eggs and sperm. The rate of peristalsis increases when oestrogen levels are high due to the fact that muscle is susceptible to sex steroids.

The fallopian tubes’ principal role is to carry eggs from the ovary to the uterus. Fimbriae collect eggs and sweep them towards the uterus. The beating of the cilia and peristalsis, or rhythmic contractions of the tube muscles, are both responsible for this movement.

Fertilization usually takes place in the fallopian tubes. The sperm leave the uterus and proceed via the tubes, where they may come into contact with and fertilize an egg. After that, the fertilized egg continues its trip to the uterus. A uterine pregnancy develops when a fertilized egg implants in the uterus and continues to develop.

In order for someone to conceive without medical assistance, the fallopian tubes must successfully carry eggs. Because of this, tubal sterilization, a method of permanent contraception that disables the tubes, is an effective choice. 

What are the conditions that can affect fallopian tubes?

Ectopic Pregnancy: 

The fallopian tubes are the most prevalent site for ectopic pregnancies. It occurs when the fertilized egg is delayed in reaching the uterus. This can lead to an ectopic pregnancy due to the fertilized egg implanting inside the fallopian tube. The Fallopian tube specialist In Coimbatore can help in deciding the treatment that can fit in your requirements.

It is not possible to carry an ectopic pregnancy to term safely. Treatment options include waiting it out, taking medicine, or having surgery.


Inflammatory salpingitis causes the tubes to thicken, resulting in an inability to pass urine or stool. Salpingitis can be divided into two categories. There are nodules formed inside the isthmus of the tubes in Salpingitis isthmica nodosa. Ectopic pregnancies are more likely in women with these nodules because they make it more difficult for eggs to travel through the tubes. They also have the effect of reducing conceivability.

Non-nodular salpingitis (also known as salpingitis), on the other hand, is typically caused by an infection, such as those found in pelvic inflammatory disease.

Tubal Infertility:

Tubal infertility is a broad term for when a woman is unable to conceive a child due to problems with her fallopian tubes. It could be caused by a variety of factors, including congenital defects and viral problems. Chlamydia problems are one of the most prominent causes of tubal factor infertility. Consult the Best Gynecologist In Coimbatore in case you are looking to undergo fallopian tube treatment.

Tubal factor infertility accounts for the majority of female infertility cases. Tubal infertility can also be caused by tubal sterilization operations that are done on purpose.

Tubal torsion:

Tubal torsion, also known as adnexal torsion, occurs when the fallopian tube twists and its blood supply is compromised. Although it frequently occurs in conjunction with ovarian torsion, it can also occur on its own. Tubal torsion can impact fertility if left untreated.

Is fallopian tube needed to get pregnant?

The fallopian tubes are crucial in conception. As a result, many people believe that only one fallopian tube is functional. But this isn’t always the case. Women with only one fallopian tube can get pregnant and birth healthy infants. In case both the tubes are removed getting naturally pregnant can be a complicated situation but through IVF a woman gets pregnant without fallopian tubes.

What tests check the fallopian tube?


The fallopian tubes are examined by a hysterosalpingogram, which is a form of X-ray. Dye is introduced into the cervix during this fallopian tube recanalization. The dye travels from the uterus to the fallopian tubes. The dye-filled organs are then photographed with an X-ray to look for any blockages or abnormalities. 

The hysterosalpingogram should reveal that fluid is freely flowing through the tubes. If you don’t, you can have fertility problems. This is an outpatient test.


Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure performed to evaluate the reproductive organs. A camera is introduced into the abdomen through small incisions. This allows the doctor to inspect the outside of the fallopian tubes and determine whether there are any obstructions or damage.

This sort of Tubal Recanalisation Surgery In Coimbatore  is also known as minimally invasive surgery. It has the advantage of allowing the clinician to fix any anomalies discovered during the procedure right away.

 A stiff or flexible scope is inserted into the fallopian tubes during salpingoscopy. This permits the doctor to see what’s going on inside the tubes. They can look for any constriction or obstructions. They can also see the fluid flow through the tubes. This is something that can be done during a laparoscopic procedure. Tubal pregnancy can also be treated with a salpingoscopy. Top Hospitals In Coimbatore can help in choosing the right treatment for fallopian abnormalities.

These tests can aid in treating abnormalities that can be caused by various conditions.


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